- Edited by Helen J. Nicholson, Cardiff University, UK
In October 1307 all the brothers of the military religious Order of the Temple in France were arrested on the instructions of King Philip IV and charged with heresy. In November, Pope Clement V instructed King Edward II of England to do likewise. This volume provides the first full edition of the four surviving texts of the trial proceedings that followed in Britain and Ireland; volume 2 supplies the translations into English.
The trial of the Templars was the first major heresy trial in the British Isles, and the proceedings reveal the Episcopate's attempts to deal with this unprecedented situation, the varying procedures followed in different countries, and how testimonies were recorded and summarised for the Church Councils which eventually decided the fate of the Order of the Temple. The testimonies given during the trial contain a wealth of information about religious beliefs among the lay population of the British Isles (both the Templars and outsiders who gave evidence during the trial), national and international mobility of lay religious, the social function of the order of the Temple in the British Isles and its relations with society at large, and the organisation and operations of the Order of the Temple at a local, national and international level.
Detailed introductions to each volume describe the manuscripts and how the material was compiled and arranged, and discuss the course of the proceedings and the value of the evidence they contain. Appendices in volume 2 (the translation) list the names of all the Templars mentioned during the proceedings, Templar houses and the locations of the proceedings in London.
Contents: Introduction to the Latin edition: The manuscripts of the trial proceedings; Previous editions of these manuscripts; Editorial conventions adopted for this edition. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 454 (MS A) collated with London, British Library, Cotton MS Julius B xii (MS B): Introductory matter, charges against individual persons, initial testimonies at London; Nomina Templariorum missorum ad Turrim London', de diversis Comitatibus; Isti sunt articuli super quibus interrogandi sunt clerici et laici; Viginti quatuor Novi Articuli super quibus repetite + examinate fuerunt singulares personas templariorum; Repetitio London' super quatuor articulis; Repetitiones Templariorum London' facte super remissionibus + absolucionibus in eorum Capitulis; Articuli qui videbantur probati + per inquisitores liberati cum depositionibus quorumdam testium; Extracta de processu Episcopi Claromontensis contingentia fratrem Himbertum Blank, Preceptorem Alvernie; Memorandum regarding the Templars' defence; Processus contra singulares personas Lyncoln'; Articuli xxviij super quibus apud London' fuerunt repetiti Templarij Lincoln'; Deposiciones Templariorum in provincia Ebor'; Incipit processus in Hibernia factus contra Singulares personas de ordine Templi; Specialis inquisitio contra Templarios in Hibernia; Scocia; Ici parle des freres chapeleins du Temple; Confessiones fratrum Stephani de Stapelbregge, Thome Totti + Johannis de Stoke. London, British Library, Cotton MS Julius B xii (MS B), documents not Included in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 454 (MS A); Vatican, Archivo Segreto Vaticano, ARMARIUM XXXV, 147 (MS C); London, British Library Additional MS 5444, fols 174r–192r (MS D), Collated with the surviving fragments of British Library Cotton MS Otho B iii, fols 29r–31v, 33r–34v, 36.
About the Editor: Helen Nicholson is Professor of Medieval History at Cardiff University, Wales, UK.
Reviews: 'Both editor and publisher are to be congratulated on publishing these volumes, which are works of significant scholarship and an addition to the printed corpus of medieval texts.'
Catholic Historical Review
'This excellent edition has once again confirmed Helen Nicholson’s status as a foremost authority on the history of the Crusaders’ Military Orders… the present edition is an absolute delight in its unravelling of the rich and colourful textual material that shaped the ‘prosecution’s case’ against the Order.'
Oxford Journal of Law and Religion
'With these two volumes, Helen Nicholson confirms and enhances her reputation as the foremost historian of the Templars’ activities within the British Isles… The appendices and footnotes constitute in themselves almost an encyclopaedia of the British Templars as they were on the eve of the Order’s dissolution. Hers is work that will never need to be done again.'
English Historical Review
'… the present edition and translation is a much welcome addition to the growing body of edited Templar sources, and one for which the editor must be congratulated… This is an edition of the highest standard, thoughtfully executed and provided with a translation that remains close to the original text. It can be expected that it will inspire new research into a religious order that never ceases to fascinate.'
'…Nicholson's monumental work is of enormous value to scholars working on the Templar trial, medieval Latin texts, and medieval society in general. This work is a welcome addition to the corpus of medieval texts available in transcription and translation.'
Helen J. Nicholson has a profile page on the Cardiff University website
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