Richard Hakluyt and Travel Writing in Early Modern Europe is an interdisciplinary collection of 24 essays which brings together leading international scholarship on Hakluyt and his work. Best known as editor of The Principal Navigations (1589; expanded 1598-1600), Hakluyt was a key figure in promoting English colonial and commercial expansion in the early modern period. He also translated major European travel texts, championed English settlement in North America, and promoted global trade and exploration via a Northeast and Northwest Passage. His work spanned every area of English activity and aspiration, from Muscovy to America, from Africa to the Near East, and India to China and Japan, providing up-to-date information and establishing an ideological framework for English rivalries with Spain, Portugal, France, and the Netherlands.
This volume resituates Hakluyt in the political, economic, and intellectual context of his time. The genre of the travel collection to which he contributed emerged from Continental humanist literary culture. Hakluyt adapted this tradition for nationalistic purposes by locating a purported history of 'English' enterprise that stretched as far back as he could go in recovering antiquarian records. The essays in this collection advance the study of Hakluyt's literary and historical resources, his international connections, and his rhetorical and editorial practice. The volume is divided into 5 sections: 'Hakluyt's Contexts'; 'Early Modern Travel Writing Collections'; 'Editorial Practice'; 'Allegiances and Ideologies: Politics, Religion, Nation'; and 'Hakluyt: Rhetoric and Writing'. The volume concludes with an account of the formation and ethos of the Hakluyt Society, founded in 1846, which has continued his project to edit travel accounts of trade, exploration, and adventure.
Contents: Introduction, Daniel Carey and Claire Jowitt; Section I Hakluyt in Context: Hakluyt's London: discovery and overseas trade, Anthony Payne; From the History of Travayle to the history of travel collections: the rise of an early modern genre, Joan-Pau Rubiés. Section II Early Modern Travel Collections: A world seen through another's eyes: Hakluyt, Ramusio, and the narratives of the Navigationi e Viaggi, Margaret Small; Three tales of the New World: nation, religion, and colonialism in Hakluyt, de Bry, and Hulsius, Sven Trakulhun; Hakluyt in France: Pierre Bergeron and travel writing collections, Grégoire Holtz; 'Honour to our nation': nationalism, The Principal Navigations and travel collections in the long 18th century, Matthew Day; Richard Hakluyt and the visual world of early modern travel narratives, Peter C. Mancall. Section III Editorial Practices: '[T]ouching the state of the country of Guiana, and whether it were fit to be planted by the English': Sir Robert Cecil, Richard Hakluyt and the writing of Guiana, 1595-1612, Joyce Lorimer; Richard Hakluyt's two Indias: textual sparagmos and editorial practice, Nandini Das; Forming the captivity of Thomas Saunders: Hakluyt's editorial practices and their ideological effects, Julia Schleck; Framing 'the English nation': reading between text and paratext in The Principal Navigations (1598-1600), Colm MacCrossan; 'The strange and wonderfull discoverie of Russia': Hakluyt and censorship, Felicity Stout. Section IV Allegiances and Ideologies, Politics, Religion, Nation: ‘We (upon peril of my life) shall make the Spaniards ridiculous to all Europe’: Richard Hakluyt’s ‘discourse’ of Spain, Francisco J. Borge; Balance of power and freedom of the seas: Richard Hakluyt and Alberico Gentili, Diego Pirillo; Richard Hakluyt and the demands of Pietas Patriae, David A. Boruchoff; ‘To deduce a colonie’: Richard Hakluyt’s Godly mission in its contexts, c.1580-1616, David Harris Sacks; Hakluyt’s multiple faiths, Matthew Dimmock. Section V Hakluyt: Rhetoric and Writing: ‘His dark materials’: the problem of dullness in Hakluyt’s collections, Mary C. Fuller; ‘To pot straight way wee goe’: Robert Baker in Guinea, 1562-64, Bernhard Klein; Hakluyt, Purchas, and the romance of Virginia, Daniel Carey; ‘Accidentall restraints’: straits and passages in Richard Hakluyt’s The Principal Navigations, Elizabeth Heale; Hakluyt’s Oceans: Maritime Rhetoric in The Principal Navigations, Steve Mentz; Hakluyt’s legacy: armchair travel in English Renaissance drame, Claire Jowitt. Coda: The legacy of Richard Hakluyt: reflections on the history of the Hakluyt Society, Roy Bridges; Works cited; Index.