- Judith Kuhn, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
A thorough examination of Shostakovich's string quartets is long overdue. Although they can justifiably lay claim to being the most significant and frequently performed twentieth-century oeuvre for that ensemble, there has been no systematic English-language study of the entire cycle. Judith Kuhn's book begins such a study, undertaken with the belief that, despite a growing awareness of the universality of Shostakovich's music, much remains to be learned from the historical context and an examination of the music's language.
Much of the controversy about Shostakovich's music has been related to questions of meaning. The conflicting interpretations put forth by scholars during the musicological 'Shostakovich wars' have shown the impossibility of fixing a single meaning in the composer's music. Commentators have often heard the quartets as political in nature, although there have been contradictory views as to whether Shostakovich was a loyal communist or a dissident. The works are also often described as vivid narratives, perhaps a confessional autobiography or a chronicle of the composer's times. The cycle has also been heard to examine major philosophical issues posed by the composer's life and times, including war, death, love, the conflict of good and evil, the nature of subjectivity, the power of creativity and the place of the individual - and particularly the artist - in society. Soviet commentaries on the quartets typically describe the works through the lens of Socialist-Realist mythological master narratives. Recent Western commentaries see Shostakovich's quartets as expressions of broader twentieth-century subjectivity, filled with ruptures and uncertainty.
What musical features enable these diverse interpretations? Kuhn examines each quartet in turn, looking first at its historical and biographical context, with special attention to the cultural questions being discussed at the time of its writing. She then surveys the work's reception history, and follows with a critical discussion of the quartet's architectural and harmonic features. Using the new tools of Sonata Theory, Kuhn provides a fresh analytical approach to Shostakovich's music, giving valuable and detailed insights into the quartets, showing how the composer's mastery of form has enabled these works to be heard as active participants in the Soviet and Western cultural discourses of their time, while remaining compelling and relevant to twenty-first-century listeners.
Contents: Introduction; Quartet No. 1 in C, Op. 49 (1938); Quartet No. 2 in A, op. 68 (1944); Quartet No. 3 in F, Op. 73 (1946); Quartet No. 4 in D, Op. 83 (1949); Quartet No. 5 in B flat, Op. 92 (1952); Quartet No. 6 In G, Op. 101 (1956); Quartet No. 7 in F# minor, Op. 108 (1960); Epilogue: Shostakovich in dialogue; Select bibliography; Index.
About the Author: Dr Judith Kuhn is a recovering lawyer who received her PhD in musicology from the University of Manchester, UK, in 2005. She currently teaches musicology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in the USA.
Reviews: 'It took decades for Shostakovich's string quartets to assume their rightful place in the Western concert repertoire, and it has taken even longer for commentators to catch up with their richness of meaning and their subtlety of construction. Judith Kuhn guides the reader gently but authoritatively through the first seven of the cycle of 15 works, balancing astute musical observation with rich detail on context, reception and theory, and offering level-headedness without stuffiness, information without condescension, description without tautology, interpretation without coercion. For performers, listeners and scholars with any interest in these masterpieces, her study is now the obvious first source to consult.'
David Fanning, University of Manchester, UK
'Kuhn's meticulous survey of Shostakovich's quartets draws upon personal, analytical and historical resources to forge a valuable scholarly resource. The field of Shostakovich studies is all the richer for it.'
Pauline Fairclough, University of Bristol, UK
'Kuhn's sensitive musical ear and her gift for narrative writing create a series of exciting and interesting descriptions that shed a bright new light on the works discussed. ... Despite her theoretical references, Kuhn's writing is not speculative. She supplies the reader with a clear and perceptive discussion of complex scenarios, where political and aesthetic ideologies clash and contradict yet also converge. Her careful and detailed analysis is accompanied by tables and many musical examples, and her fluent narration, sometimes even touching on the poetic, makes reading the book not only an exciting voyage into new insights, but also a sheer literary pleasure.' Slavic Review
'It's very hard for a musicologist to present a technical argument that is both comprehensible and convincing to lay readers, but Kuhn has done a first-rate job.' London Review of Books
'The book […] provides impressively comprehensive analysis of these extremely complex works, showing meticulous attention to detail… this book provides a significant and focused look at an area of Shostakovich’s oeuvre that until recently has been neglected.' Slavic and East European Journal
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