The 28 papers examine questions relating to the extent and nature of Byzantine trade from Late Antiquity into the Middle Ages. The Byzantine state was the only political entity of the Mediterranean to survive Antiquity and thus offers a theoretical standard against which to measure diachronic and regional changes in trading practices within the area and beyond. To complement previous extensive work on late antique long-distance trade within the Mediterranean (based on the grain supply, amphorae and fine ware circulation), the papers concentrate on local and international trade.
The emphasis is on recently uncovered or studied archaeological evidence relating to key topics. These include local retail organisation within the city, some regional markets within the empire, the production and/or circulation patterns of particular goods (metalware, ivory and bone, glass, pottery), and objects of international trade, both exports such as wine and glass, imports such as materia medica, and the lack of importation of, for example, Sasanian pottery. In particular, new work relating to specific regions of Byzantium's international trade is highlighted: in Britain, the Levant, the Red Sea, the Black Sea and China.
Papers of the 38th Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, held in 2004 at Oxford under the auspices of the Committee for Byzantine Studies.
Contents: Section I Mapping Trade: Byzantine trade: local, regional, interregional, and international, Marlia Mundell Mango; Maps and trade, Emilie Savage-Smith; Mapping trade by shipwrecks, Sean Kingsley; Mapping trade by the amphora, Olga Karagiorgou. Section II Local Trade and Production: Shops and Workshops: Trade, workshops and shops in Bet Shean/Scythopolis, 4th–8th centuries, Yoram Tsafrir; Ivory, bone, glass and other production at Alexandria, 5th–9th centuries, Elizabeth Rodziewicz; Polychrome ceramics in Preslav, 9th to 11th centuries: where were they produced and used?, Rossina Kostova. Section III Regional Markets: Brittle ware trade in Syria between the 5th and 8th centuries, Agnès Vokaer; Local painted pottery trade in early Byzantine Isauria, Mark P.C. Jackson; Ganos wine and its circulation in the 11th century, Nergis Günsenin. Section IV Product Tracking: Pottery, Glass, and Metal Fine Wares: Trade in the East Mediterranean in the 8th century, Pamela Armstrong; Trade of Byzantine red wares, end of the 11th–13th centuries, Ioanna Dimopoulos; Evaluating the movement of open-work glassware in late antiquity, Hallie Meredith; Distribution patterns of Middle Byzantine painted glass, Natalija Ristovska; Tracking Byzantine silver and copper metalware, 4th–12th centuries, Marlia Mundell Mango. Section V International Trade: Exports and Imports: Export wine trade to West and East, Michael Decker; Foreign glass excavated in China from the 4th to 12th centuries, Hiromi Kinoshita; On the Silk Route: imported and regional pottery at Zeugma, Philip M. Kenrick; Imported materia medica, 4th–12th centuries, and Byzantine pharmacology, Anne McCabe. Section VI Internation Trade: to West, South, East and North: West and North: Byzantine trade to the edge of the world: Mediterranean pottery imports to Atlantic Britain in the 6th century, Ewan Campbell and Christopher Bowles; Early tin extraction in the south-west of England: a resource for Mediterranean metalworkers in late antiquity?, Christopher J. Salter; Great voyages, great ocean-going ships?, Sean Kingsley. South and East: Northern Red Sea ports and their networks in the late Roman/Byzantine period, Steven Sidebottom; Aksum, the entrepôt, and highland Ethiopia, 3rd–12th centuries, David W. Phillipson. East and West: Venetian commercial expansion in the eastern Mediterranean, 8th–11th centuries, David Jacoby; How does the glass of the wall mosaics at Torcello contribute to the study of trade in the 11th century?, I. Andreescu-Treadgold and Julian Henderson. North: 'Mists and portals': the Black Sea's north coast, Jonathan Shepard; Rural settlement and trade networks in northern Russia, AD 900–1250, Nikolaj Makarov; Index.