Despite twenty years of research, it is still debated whether drug dependency leads to crime, or whether involvement in crime increases the probability of drug dependency. This is because the relationship between drugs and crime is mediated by a great many variables, including the nature of the drugs, the user's degree of dependency on drugs, the life circumstances of the user, the social conditions under which the drugs are used, the laws governing obtaining and using drugs, social tolerance of drug use, availability of drug treatment programs, and so forth. This volume covers the many ways in which drugs and crime could be related that encompass and extend beyond the simple causal link between drug dependency and crime. It also reviews the main kinds of drug-related crimes and considers research that could help viable policy interventions.
Contents: Introduction; Part I The Drugs-Crime Connection: 1. Drug Abuse and Crime: Drugs and crime revisited, Scott Menard, Sharon Mihalic and David Huizinga; Addiction careers and criminal specialization, David Farabee, Vandana Joshi and M. Douglas Anglin; The relationship between drug use and crime: a puzzle inside an enigma, Mark Simpson; The association between multiple drug misuse and crime, Trevor Bennett and Katy Holloway; The 3-metros study of drugs and crime in South Africa: findings and policy implications, Charles D.H. Parry, Andreas Plüddemann, Antoinette Louw and Ted Leggett. 2. Drug Abuse and Juvenile Delinquency: Testing a longitudinal model of the relationships among high risk youths' drug sales, drug use and participation in index crimes, Richard Dembo, Werner Wothke, William Seeberger, Marina Shemwell, Kimberly Pacheco, Matthew Rollie, James Schmeidler, Stephen Livingston and Amy Hartsfield; Antisocial behavior among young Australians while under the influence of illicit drugs, Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai; The effects of substance use on specific types of criminal offending in young men, John W. Welte, Lening Zhang and William F. Wieczorek; Aggressive behavior and opportunities to purchase drugs, Marsha F. Rosenberg and James C. Anthony. 3. Drug Abuse, Violence and Victimization: Methamphetamine use, self-reported violent crime and recidivism among offenders in California who abuse substances, Jerome Cartier, David Farabee and Michael L. Prendergast; ‘Drug abuse and partner volence among women in methadone treatment, Nabila El-Bassel, Louisa Gilbert, Robert Schilling and Takeshi Wada; A 2-year longitudinal analysis of the relationships between violent assault and substance use in women, Dean G. Kilpatrick, Ron Acierno, Heidi S. Resnick, Benjamin E. Saunders and Connie L. Best; Sex work and drug use in a subculture of violence, Hilary L. Surratt, James A. Inciardi, Stephen P. Kurtz and Marion C. Kiley. Part II Drug Crimes: 1. Drug Trafficking and Drug Distribution: Varieties of drug trafficking organizations: a typology of cases prosecuted in New York City, Mangai Natarajan and Mathieu Belanger; Flexible hierarchies and dynamic disorder: the drug distribution system in Frankfurt and Milan, Letizia Paoli; Understanding the structure of a large heroin distribution network: a quantitative analysis of qualitative data, Mangai Natarajan; King pin? A case study of a middle market drug broker, Geoffrey Pearson and Dick Hobbs; British South Asian communities and drug supply networks in the UK: a qualitative study, Vincenzo Ruggiero and Kazim Khan; From Cali to Rotterdam: perceptions of Colombian cocaine traffickers on the Dutch port, Damián Zaitch. 2. Drug Markets and Local Level Dealing: Investigating the connections between race, illicit drug markets, and lethal violence, Graham C. Ousey and Matthew R. Lee; Street-level drug market activity in Sydney's primary heroin markets: organization, adulteration practices, pricing, marketing and violence, Ross Coomber and Lisa Maher; The effect of a reduction in heroin supply in Australia upon drug distribution and acquisitive crime, Louisa Degenhardt, Elizabeth Conroy, Stuart Gilmour and Linette Collins; What drug dealers tell us about their costs of doing business, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Bruce Johnson, Angela Taylor and Lowell Taylor. Name Index.